The African Union will have to overcome a lack of political will and structural challenges to respond effectively to security crises on the continent, in line with its founding mission. The ability of the African Union to respond effectively to political crises has been hampered by institutional problems that existed long before its creation in 2002 to replace the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The new AU undertook three major reforms. First, it favored “non-indifference” to the principle of “non-intervention” of the OAU.
Secondly, it has set up several new institutions that are supposed to be more efficient than their predecessors. These included the African Union Commission (AUC), which manages day-to-day activities and employs mainly professionals, unlike the OAU General Secretariat, which is dominated by political figures. Third, new protocols have been put in place to enforce ethical standards. Nearly two decades after the creation of the AU, however, many of these reforms have not yet been implemented significantly. As a result, the AU continues to be handicapped by the same institutional weaknesses that have impeded the OAU.
CENTER FOR AFRICAN STUDIES
Center for Africa Studies (AFRAM) which located in Ankara, is an organization facilitating under the administration of African Affairs Council (AFAC). It makes various researches about Africa to enhance economic and cultural bounds between Africa and Turkey. AFRAM’s publishings has been shared with different institutions as they require to obtain.
Africa Observatory is one the publishing of AFRAM and it has been published each two weeks. It has been delivered to different institutions via e-mail.