Over the past two decades, China has become increasingly powerful and prominent across Africa. China has loaned money to African countries to build highways, dams, stadiums, airports and skyscrapers through the Belt and Road Initiative. China has given out more than $143 billion in loans to African countries since 2000. In Kenya, Mandarin are learned by young people. Moreover, in South Africa, Mandarin has been an optional language course for students since 2014, and Uganda introduced Mandarin to secondary students in selected schools in December 2018. Confucius Institute launched its first outpost in Africa at the University of Nairobi in 2005 and has since expanded to 48 centers across the continent.
CENTER FOR AFRICAN STUDIES
Center for Africa Studies (AFRAM) which located in Ankara, is an organization facilitating under the administration of African Affairs Council (AFAC). It makes various researches about Africa to enhance economic and cultural bounds between Africa and Turkey. AFRAM’s publishings has been shared with different institutions as they require to obtain.
Africa Observatory is one the publishing of AFRAM and it has been published each two weeks. It has been delivered to different institutions via e-mail.